At The Kron Law Firm, we are committed to protecting our clients’ reputations and ensuring justice in cases of defamation. As top defense attorneys in New York City, we have extensive experience in handling cases of slander, defamation, and libel. This guide aims to provide a clear understanding of these terms and how we can help you navigate the legal landscape if you find yourself a victim or accused of these offenses.

What Are Slander, Defamation, and Libel?


Defamation is a broad term that refers to any statement that injures a third party’s reputation. The key element of defamation is that the statement must be false. Defamation can be divided into two categories: slander and libel.


Slander refers to defamatory statements that are made verbally. This can include statements made in person, over the phone, or in any other spoken medium. Slander is often considered less harmful than libel because it typically does not have the same lasting impact as written statements. However, slander can still cause significant damage to a person’s reputation and livelihood.


Libel refers to defamatory statements that are made in writing or any other permanent form, such as print, digital media, or broadcasts. Because libelous statements are recorded, they can be disseminated more widely and have a lasting impact, making libel generally considered more harmful than slander.

Elements of a Defamation Claim

To prove a defamation claim, certain elements must be established:

  • False Statement: The statement in question must be false. Truthful statements, no matter how damaging, are not considered defamatory.
  • Publication: The statement must have been made to someone other than the person defamed. In other words, it must be communicated to a third party.
  • Injury: The statement must cause injury to the subject’s reputation. This could include loss of business, social standing, or emotional distress.
  • Fault: Depending on the status of the person defamed (private individual vs. public figure), the level of fault required may vary. Public figures must prove actual malice, meaning the statement was made with knowledge of its falsity or with reckless disregard for the truth.

Defenses Against Defamation

Several defenses can be used against defamation claims, including:

  • Truth: If the statement is true, it is an absolute defense against defamation.
  • Privilege: Certain statements made in specific contexts are protected by privilege. For example, statements made during judicial proceedings or in legislative debates are typically privileged.
  • Opinion: Statements that are clearly identified as opinions, rather than facts, are generally not considered defamatory.
  • Consent: If the person defamed consented to the publication of the statement, it cannot be considered defamatory.

FAQs About Slander, Defamation, and Libel

1. What is the difference between slander and libel?

  • Slander refers to verbal defamatory statements, while libel refers to written or otherwise permanently recorded defamatory statements.

2. Can opinions be considered defamatory?

  • Generally, opinions are not considered defamatory because they are subjective. However, if an opinion implies false facts, it could be actionable.

3. What should I do if I believe I have been defamed?

  • Contact a qualified attorney, like those at The Kron Law Firm, who can assess your case, advise you on your legal options, and help you gather evidence to support your claim.

4. Can I sue someone for defamation on social media?

  • Yes, defamatory statements made on social media platforms can be actionable. The same principles of defamation apply to online statements.

5. What are the possible outcomes of a defamation lawsuit?

  • Possible outcomes include monetary damages to compensate for harm to your reputation, retractions or corrections of the defamatory statements, and in some cases, punitive damages.

6. How long do I have to file a defamation lawsuit?

  • The statute of limitations for defamation claims varies by state. In New York, the statute of limitations for filing a defamation lawsuit is one year from the date the defamatory statement was made.

7. Can a public figure sue for defamation?

  • Yes, but public figures must meet a higher standard of proof, showing that the defamatory statements were made with actual malice.

8. What evidence is needed to prove defamation?

  • Evidence can include witness testimony, recordings, written statements, and any documentation showing the harm caused by the defamatory statements.

At The Kron Law Firm, we are dedicated to defending our clients’ rights and reputations. Whether you are a victim of defamation or facing accusations, our experienced attorneys are here to provide you with expert legal guidance and representation. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and learn how we can help protect your good name.

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